Gardening » Common flora of UAE: Creeping Thorn Rose

Common flora of UAE: Creeping Thorn Rose

ThornRose1 jpgScientific Name: Neurada Procumbens

Arabic Name: Saadan

Flowers: February to May

Plant, Herb, Neurada

 

Botanical Description

Annual with numerous prostrate branches radiating from the base.

 

Leaves

Oblong, relatively thick with clear midrib, wavy margins and bluntly rounded tip on a 1 cm stalk.

Flowers

Solitary in leaf axils with small 5 petals, white in colour.

 

Fruits

A distinctive flat disc, rough and spiny above, smooth beneath, becoming woody, remains as collar around base stem of new plants; the spiny discoid fruits cling very easily to fur and clothes or are embedded in shoe soles and feet facilitating seed dispersal.

 

Habitat

Sand plains and compacted sand.

Distribution

Very common and widespread except in the mountains; this plant is one of the few annual plants found in the Rub’ al Khali (Empty Quarter)

 

Uses

Young fruits used to be eaten by Bedouins, plucked well before they begin to harden

It is well known that the seed pods embed the in the hooves of livestock and can cause lameness. 

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