Gardening » Common flora of UAE: Dune Grass

Common flora of UAE: Dune Grass

dunegrass jpgScientific Name: Cyperus Conglomeratus

Arabic Name: Thenda

Flowers: December to June

Plant, Sedge

 

Botanical Description

Perennial sedge, variable in aspect from dwarf form with single stem a few centimetres high to bushy plants with several stems up to 70cm in height.

Roots rigid, fibrous and woolly covered with a thick coating of sand; base of the plant usually surrounded by old brown leaf sheaths. Stems stout; young growth pale green but for much of year plant is dull brown or straw-like.

 

Leaves

As long as stem or shorter, grooved, cylindrical, tapering to a thread-like point, often curving over to ground

 

Inflorescences

Very variable, terminal on erect stems.

 

Spikelets

Pale brown, darkening with age. Linear, clustered on rays in an umbellate inflorescence, seeds concave, un-winged.

 

Habitat

Sandy places, including sand dunes. Quickly colonizes disturbed ground, drought resistant.

 

Distribution

One of the few plants that colonize the mobile dunes of the interior desert. Very common and widespread in UAE

 

Uses

Sedges were once used to make sails, ropes, baskets and mats.

Sedges also used as fuel.

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